About White Avens: The name Geum is an ancient Greek genus name that date back to Pliny, a Roman naturalist and philosopher. The species name “canadense” refers to the plant’s presence in Canada. White Avens has excellent cold tolerance, and can survive in temperatures as low as 5 degrees F. The hooked spines on the ripening seed head often cling to fur and clothing, as a method of seed distribution. Because of their natural sweetness, the roots of this and several other related species have formerly been used to brew a cocoa-like beverage referred to as “Indian chocolate.”
White Avens Germination: Direct sow in late fall, planting just below the surface. For spring planting, mix the seed with moist sand and store it in the refrigerator for 30 days before planting. To start indoors, sow seeds in a flat or individual peat pots, keeping the soil lightly moist and at a temperature of 65-70 degrees F until germination, which usually occurs within 7-14 days. Keep the seedlings moist. When the weather has warmed and the seedlings are well established, transplant outdoors.
Growing White Avens Seeds: Keep the soil moist, especially in the spring while the plants are becoming established; these plants do not tolerate drought well. They spreads slowly by rhizomes and reseeding, and can become rather weedy in good growing conditions. In cold winters, a layer of mulch may be necessary for protection.
Harvesting White Avens: These blossoms do not perform well as cut flowers, and are best enjoyed in the garden.
Saving White Avens Seeds: The spiny green centers of the flowers will eventually turn dry and brown, attaching to fur or clothing because of their barbs. Cut them when they become completely dry. These seeds are difficult to clean because of their spines and outer coating, but they can be planted as they are with moderately successful results.
Detailed White Avens Info: Origin: US Native Other Common Names: Avens Duration: Perennial Bloom Time: Summer Height: 18-30 inches Spacing: 18-24 inches Light: Full Sun to Woodland Soil Moisture: Medium USDA Zone: 4a-8b Seeds Per Oz: 30,000 Produces a slightly hairy plant with coarsely toothed, divided leaves and inconspicuous white five-petaled flowers.