About Navy Bean: As the name suggests, Navy beans get their name from the role in the daily fare of the U. S. Navy; their high nutritional value, long storage life, and affordability made them a good choice. White beans such as navy beans can be found in such varied cuisine as traditional Boston Baked Beans, Hungarian bab leves, and Serbian pasulj.
Navy Bean Germination: Direct sow seeds in rich, well drained soil in full sun at least a week after the last expected frost, since beans are quite sensitive to cold. If you have never planted beans in your garden before, treat the seeds with a powder inoculant to allow the process of nitrogen fixation to begin. Plant them 1" deep and 3-6" apart, in rows about 2' apart; press down the earth above them for good soil contact. These seeds rot easily in wet soil, so do not over water them. Germination should take place 7-10 days after planting. For companion planting benefits, plant beans near carrots or beets; avoid planting them near onions.
Growing Navy Bean Seeds: After germination, maintain soil moisture; beans have shallow roots, and need water at least once a week if the weather is dry. Mulching the plants helps conserve moisture and discourages weeds.
Harvesting Navy Bean: If frost or inclement weather threatens before your beans are fully dry, pull them and allow them to continue drying under shelter. A good method for drying is to hang them upside down from their roots until the seeds rattle in the pods and are very hard. They should be completely dry 10-15 days later. Remove the seeds from the pods by hand, or thresh them by putting them in a bag and applying a heavy weight.
Saving Navy Bean Seeds: Thresh the beans by removing them from their pods. Store them in a dry, cool place; for best germination, use them in the next growing season.
Detailed Navy Bean Info: Phaseolus vulgaris. Annual. 90 days. 130 seeds per oz. 18-24" height. 3-6" spacing. Produces small white beans.