About Small Red Bean: Kidney beans hail from Mexico and Central America, where they filled critical nutritional needs in the diet of the native peoples. Explorers and sailors also appreciated them for their dietary value, and because they could be stored for long periods of time. The traditional cuisine in Northern India uses red kidney beans, as well as food in the tradition of New Orleans.
Small Red Bean Germination: Direct sow seeds in rich, well drained soil in full sun at least a week after the last expected frost, since beans are quite sensitive to cold. If you have never planted beans in your garden before, treat the seeds with a powder inoculant to allow the process of nitrogen fixation to begin. Plant them 1" deep and 3-6" apart, in rows about 2' apart; press down the earth above them for good soil contact. These seeds rot easily in wet soil, so do not over water them. Germination should take place 7-10 days after planting. For companion planting benefits, plant beans near carrots or beets; avoid planting them near onions.
Growing Small Red Bean Seeds: After germination, maintain soil moisture; beans have shallow roots, and need water at least once a week if the weather is dry. Mulching the plants helps conserve moisture and discourages weeds.
Harvesting Small Red Bean: If frost or inclement weather threatens before your beans are fully dry, pull them and allow them to continue drying under shelter. A good method for drying is to hang them upside down from their roots until the seeds rattle in the pods and are very hard. They should be completely dry 10-15 days later. Remove the seeds from the pods by hand, or thresh them by putting them in a bag and applying a heavy weight.
Saving Small Red Bean Seeds: Thresh the beans by removing them from their pods. Store them in a dry, cool place; for best germination, use them in the next growing season.
Detailed Small Red Bean Info: Phaseolus vulgaris. Annual. 95 days. 80 seeds per oz. 18-24" height. 3-6" spacing. Produces small red kidney beans.