About Crystal White Wax Onion: Crystal White Wax, also known as White Bermuda, originally come from Bermuda. This island, now famous for its tourist trade, was once called "The Onion Patch" because it made most of its income by exporting its famous sweet onions to the States. When horticulturalists in Texas began cultivating the Bermuda strain of onion, one of the varieties that resulted was Crystal White Wax.
Crystal White Wax Onion Germination: Since onions take a few months to mature from seed, gardeners with a short growing season may want to start their seed indoors. Plant the seeds 1/2" deep in a flat 2-3 months before the last frost date; keep the soil moist and at room temperature. When the tops begin to flop over, cut them off to 3" to focus the growing on the roots. Four weeks before the last frost or when the soil reaches at least 50 degrees F, transplant the seedlings 6" apart in rows 12" apart. For direct sowing, sow three seeds per inch 1/2" deep in light, rich soil and full sun. Thin the seedlings 2-6" apart, depending on the desired size. Thinned onions can be transplanted or used for fresh eating. For companion planting benefits, plant onions with members of the cabbage family, lettuce, or tomatoes; avoid planting onions with peas or beans. In areas with warmer winters, onions may be grown as a fall or winter crop.
Growing Crystal White Wax Onion Seeds: Onions need moisture especially in their first several weeks of growth, and they cannot fight against weeds; mulching onions can help with both moisture and weed control. Crystal White Wax onions have good resistance to root rot.
Harvesting Crystal White Wax Onion: Crystal White Wax onions should be harvested at a pearl size, about 90 days after planting; they will reach 1-2" in diameter. This variety does not store well, but makes an excellent onion for fresh use or for pickling.
Saving Crystal White Wax Onion Seeds: Onions need to overwinter before producing seed. In warmer locations, simply apply a thick layer of mulch and remove it in the early spring. In areas with very cold winters, pull up the onions and cut off half the stem; store them at 32-40 degrees F in a dry place until spring, when they can be replanted. Before planting, cut an X in the top of the onion to allow the stalk to emerge. The plants will flower and go to seed. Remove the seed heads when the seeds become visible, taking care not to shatter the heads and lose the seed. Spread the heads out in a dry place with good ventilation, and let them dry for several weeks. Thresh out the seeds and store them in a cool, dry place for up to 2 years.
Detailed Crystal White Wax Onion Info: Allium cepa. Biennial. 95 days. Also known as White Bermuda, Crystal Wax Pickling, Crystal Wax Bermuda, or White Pickling. 9000 seeds per oz. 12-18" height. 4-6" spacing. Produces white pearl onions. Day neutral variety.